# Help:Editing

165pages on
this wiki

Meta Collab is a WikiWiki, which means that anyone can easily edit any unprotected page and have those changes posted immediately.

Editing a Wiki page is very easy. Simply click on the "edit" tab at the top (or the edit link on the right or bottom) of a Wiki page. This will bring you to a page with a text box containing the editable text of that page. If you just want to experiment, please do so in the sandbox instead of on other pages. Alternatively, you can press the "Show preview" button instead of actually saving the page. You should write a brief edit summary in the small field below the edit-box. You may use shorthand to describe your changes , as described in the legend, and when you have finished, press "show preview" to see how your changes will look. You can also see what changes you have made in comparison to the previous version by pressing the "Show changes" button. If you're happy with what you see, then press "Save" and your changes will be immediately applied to the article. Don't sign edits you make to regular articles (the software keeps track of who makes every change).

You can also click on the "Discussion" tab to see the corresponding talk page, which contains comments about the page from other Wikipedia users. Click on the "+" tab to add a new section, or edit the page in the same way as an article page. When editing talk pages, please sign your change by leaving four tildes (~~~~).

## Tips on editing MetaCollab articles Edit

Cite your sources so others can check and extend your work. You can either use in-text citation in academic form such as (Example, 2004, pp 22-23) or as a superscript to put a footnote at the end of an article by typing this:

which will give you this:

After making a new page, it's a good idea to:

• use What links here (with your page displayed) to check the articles that already link to it, and make sure that they are all expecting the same meaning that you have supplied; and
• use the Search button to search MetaCollab for your topic title—and possible variants—to find articles that mention it, and make links from them if appropriate.

## Minor edits Edit

When editing a page, a logged-in user can mark that edit as being "minor". Minor edits generally mean spelling corrections, formatting, and minor rearrangement of text. It is possible to hide minor edits when viewing Recent Changes. Marking a significant change as a minor edit is considered bad behavior, and even more so if it involves the deletion of some text. If one has accidentally marked an edit as minor, the person should edit the source once more, mark it major (or, rather, ensure that the check-box for "This is a minor edit" is not checked), and, in the summary, state that the previous change was a major one.

## Major edits Edit

All editors are encouraged to be bold, but there are several things that a user can do to ensure that major edits are performed smoothly. Before engaging in a major edit, consider discussing proposed changes on the article discussion/talk page. During the edit, if doing so over an extended period of time, the inuse tag (type: {{Template:inuse}} can reduce the likelihood of an edit conflict. Once the edit has been completed, the inclusion of an edit summary will assist in documenting the changes. These steps will all help to ensure that major edits are well received by the Metacollab community.

## Wiki markupEdit

The wiki markup is the syntax system you can use to format a MetaCollab page.

In the left column of the table below, you can see what effects are possible. In the right column, you can see how those effects were achieved. In other words, to make text look like it looks in the left column, type it in the format you see in the right column.

You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference, or take a screen-shot of it. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the Sandbox. Try opening the Sandbox in a separate window or tab and keeping this page open for reference.

What it looks like What you type

New section

Subsection

Sub-subsection

• Don't skip levels (for example, second-level followed by fourth-level).
• If appropriate, place subsections in an appropriate order. If listing countries, place them in alphabetical order rather than, say, relative to population of OECD countries, or some random order.
• If you want to keep headings out of the TOC you have to use html heading tags and close them without using a backslash e.g. <h4>heading too low level to be in the toc of large page<h4>.
== New section ==

=== Subsection ===

==== Sub-subsection ====

===== Sub-sub-subsection =====


A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the function diff (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

• When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).
A single newline
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the function ''diff''
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.


You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.

• Close markup between lines; do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.
You can break lines<br/>
without starting a new paragraph.

• It's easy to create a list:
• Start every line with a star (asterisk).
• More stars means deeper levels.
• A newline in a list

marks the end of a list item.

• An empty line starts a new list.
* It's easy to create a list:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars means deeper levels.
**** A newline in a list
marks the end of a list item.

* An empty line starts a new list.

1. Numbered lists are also good
1. very organized
2. easy to follow
1. easier still
# Numbered lists are also good
## very organized
## easy to follow
### easier still

• You can even create mixed lists
1. and nest them
• like this
* You can even create mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this

Definition list
list of definitions
item
the item's definition
another item
the other item's definition
• One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.
; Definition list : list of definitions
; item : the item's definition
; another item
: the other item's definition

A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

• This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on Talk pages.
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.


When there is a need for separating a block of text

the blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.
This is useful for (as the name says) inserting blocks of quoted (and cited) text.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent
both margins when needed instead of the
left margin only as the colon does.
</blockquote>

IF a line starts with a space THEN
it will be formatted exactly
as typed;
in a fixed-width font;
lines will not wrap;
ENDIF

• This is useful for:
• pasting preformatted text;
• algorithm descriptions;
• program source code;
• ASCII art;
• chemical structures;
• WARNING: If you make it wide, you force the whole page to be wide and hence less readable, especially for people who use lower resolutions. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.
 IF a line starts with a space THEN
it will be formatted exactly
as typed;
in a fixed-width font;
lines will not wrap;
ENDIF

Centered text.
• Please note the American spelling of "center."
<center>Centered text.</center>


A horizontal dividing line: this is above it...

...and this is below it.

• Mainly useful for
• disambiguation - but to be used sparsely--only when separating completely different, unrelated (groups of) meanings
• separating threads on Talk pages.
A horizontal dividing line:
this is above it
----
and this is below it.


What it looks like What you type

• A link to another Metacollab article.
• Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
• Thus the link above is to the URL http://collaboration.wikicities.com/wiki/Art, which is the Meta Collab article with the name "Art".
Salvador Dali made collaborative [[art]].


Artistic collaboration is an important part of the evolution of art.

• Same target, different name.
• This is a piped link.
• The "piped" text must be placed first, the text that will be displayed, second.
[[art|Artistic]] collaboration is an important
part of the evolution of art.


Artisticly speaking, collaboration is complex and challenging.

• Endings are blended into the link.
• Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
[[art|Artistic]]ly speaking, collaboration is
complex and challenging.


See the Help:Contents.

• A link to another namespace.
See the [[Help:Contents]].


Automatically hide namespace: Community_Portal.

But not: [[MetaCollab:Community_Portal#Bulletin Board|]]

• The server fills in the part after the pipe character (|) when you save the page. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When previewing your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press Save and Edit again. The same applies to links to sections within the same page (see previous entry).
Automatically hide namespace:
[[MetaCollab:Community_Portal|]].

But not:
[[MetaCollab:Community_Portal#Bulletin Board|]]


Compost is a page that does not exist yet.

• You can create it by clicking on the link (but please do not do so with this particular link).
• To create a new page:
1. Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
2. Save that page.
3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
• Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.
[[Compost]] is a page
that does not exist yet.


• Self links appear as bold text when the article is viewed.
• Do not use this technique to make the article name bold in the first paragraph.
[[Help:Editing]] is this page.


Mark Elliott

or four to add user name plus date/time:

Mark Elliott 13:31, 19 September 2005 (EST)

Five tildes gives the date/time alone:

13:31, 19 September 2005 (EST)
• The first two both provide a link to your user page.
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it by adding
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
Five tildes gives the date/time alone:
: ~~~~~


'''What links here''' and '''Related changes'''
and


A user's '''Contributions''' page can be linked as:
or
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]

• To put an article in a Category, place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. It does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
[[Category:Character sets]]

• To link to a Category page without putting the article into the category, use an initial colon (:) in the link.
[[:Category:Character sets]]

• Link to books using their ISBN. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors.
• ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-12-345678-X


Date formats:

• Link dates in one of the above formats, so that everyone can set their own display order. If logged in, you can use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.
• All of the above dates will appear as "20 July 1969" if you set your date display preference to "15 January 2001", but as "July 20, 1969" if you set it to "January 15, 2001", or as "1969-07-20" if you set it to "2001-01-15".
Date formats:
# [[July 20]], [[1969]]
# [[20 July]] [[1969]]
# [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
# [[1969-07-20]]


• To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link. For images, see next section.
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]


### Images Edit

Only images that have been uploaded to Wikipedia can be used. To upload images, use the upload page. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.

What it looks like What you type
A picture:

A picture:
[[Image:wiki.png]]

With alternative text:

With alternative text:
[[Image:wiki.png|cloud buildings]]
• Alternative text, used when a mouse hovers over the image or when the image is not loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternate text for images for help on choosing it.

Floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:
Floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|frame|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]
• The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
• The caption is also used as alternate text.
• to cancel a float at a certain text point, see Forcing a break,

Floating to the right side of the page without a caption:
Floating to the right side of the page ''without'' a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|right|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]

Linking directly to the description page of an image:
Linking directly to the description page of an image:
[[:Image:wiki.png]]
• Clicking on an image displayed on a page (such as any of the ones above) also leads to the description page
Linking directly to an image without displaying it:
Linking directly to an image without displaying it:
[[media:wiki.png|Image of the jigsaw globe logo]]

See the Wikipedia's image use policy as a guideline used on Wikipedia.

For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the topic on Extended image syntax.

### Character formatting Edit

What it looks like What you type

Emphasize, strongly, very strongly.

• These are double, triple, and quintuple apostrophes (single-quote marks), not double-quote marks.
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', '''''very strongly'''''.


$\sin x + \ln y$
sinx + lny

$\mathbf{x} = 0$
x = 0

Ordinary text should use wiki markup for emphasis, and should not use <i> or <b>. However, mathematical formulas often use italics, and sometimes use bold, for reasons unrelated to emphasis. Complex formulas should use $ markup, and simple formulas may use [itex]; or <i> and <b>; or '' and '''. Wiki markup is preferred over HTML markup like <i> and <b>. [itex]\sin x + \ln y$

sin''x'' + ln''y''

$\mathbf{x} = 0$

'''x''' = 0


A typewriter font for monospace text or for computer code: int main()

• For semantic reasons, using <code> where applicable is preferable to using <tt>.
A typewriter font for <tt>monospace text</tt>
or for computer code: <code>int main()</code>


You can use small text for captions.

You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.


You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

You can also mark deleted material and inserted material using logical markup rather than visual markup.

• When editing regular Wikipedia articles, just make your changes and do not mark them up in any special way.
• When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material.
You can <s>strike out deleted material</s>
and <u>underline new material</u>.

You can also mark <del>deleted material</del> and
<ins>inserted material</ins> using logical markup
rather than visual markup.


Diacritical marks:
À Á Â Ã Ä Å
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë
Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò
Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ

&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring;
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml;
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve;
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave;
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute;
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil;
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc;
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute;
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;


Punctuation:
¿ ¡ § ¶
† ‡ • – —
‹ › « »
‘ ’ “ ”

&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash;
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo;
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo;


Commercial symbols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥
£ ¤

&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen;
&pound; &curren;


Subscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄
x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉

Superscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴
x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹

• The latter methods of sub/superscripting cannot be used in the most general context, as they rely on Unicode support which may not be present on all users' machines. For the 1-2-3 superscripts, it is nevertheless preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m.

1 hectare = 1 E4 m²

x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or
<br/>
x&#8320; x&#8321; x&#8322; x&#8323; x&#8324;
<br/>
x&#8325; x&#8326; x&#8327; x&#8328; x&#8329;

x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or
<br/>
x&#8304; x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3; x&#8308;
<br/>
x&#8309; x&#8310; x&#8311; x&#8312; x&#8313;

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.

1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m&sup2;]]


Greek characters:
α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π
Σ Φ Ψ Ω

&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta;
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu;
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi;
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;


Mathematical characters:
∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞
≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥
× · ÷ ∂ ′ ″
∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø
∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇔
→ ↔

&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge;
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;
&rarr; &harr;


Spacing in simple math formulas:
Obviously, x² ≥ 0 is true.

• To space things out without allowing line breaks to interrupt the formula, use non-breaking spaces: &nbsp;.

Obviously, ''x''&sup2;&nbsp;&ge;&nbsp;0 is true.


Complicated formulas:

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$
• A formula displayed on a line by itself should probably be indented by using the colon (:) character.

: $\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$



Suppressing interpretation of markup:
Link → (''to'') the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]

• Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
• Escape all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
• Does not escape HTML character references.
• To escape HTML character references such as &rarr; use &amp;rarr;

<nowiki>Link &rarr; (''to'')
the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]</nowiki>


Commenting page source:
not shown when viewing page

• Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
• Note that most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page.

<!-- comment here -->


At the current status of the wiki markup language, having at least four headers on a page triggers the TOC to appear in front of the first header (or after introductory sections). Putting __TOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to appear at that point (instead of just before the first header). Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear.

#### Compact TOCEdit

Where you have a large number of very short headings (such as letters of the alphabet) you can get a very long table of contents. An alternative is a compact table of contents, which you can achieve by inserting the following text:

{{compactTOC}}

which looks like this:

You can do similar things with years or decades, for example:

Both of the above make use of section linking (see below).

### Tables Edit

There are two ways to build tables:

For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:How_to_use_tables.

### VariablesEdit

Code Effect
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 07
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} July
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} July
{{CURRENTDAY}} 31
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Thursday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2014
{{CURRENTTIME}} 19:34
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 165
{{PAGENAME}} Editing
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{REVISIONID}} 566
{{localurl:pagename}} /wiki/Pagename
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Sandbox|action=edit}} http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandbox?action=edit
{{SERVER}} http://collaboration.wikia.com
{{ns:1}} Talk
{{ns:2}} User
{{ns:3}} User talk
{{ns:4}} Meta Collab
{{ns:5}} Meta Collab talk
{{ns:6}} File
{{ns:7}} File talk
{{ns:8}} MediaWiki
{{ns:9}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} Template
{{ns:11}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} Help
{{ns:13}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} Category
{{ns:15}} Category talk
{{SITENAME}} Meta Collab

NUMBEROFARTICLES is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect--in other words, it is the number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.

CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages; CURRENTMONTHNAME is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.

In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like {{grammar:case|word}} to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case. For example, {{grammar:genitive|{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}}} means the same as {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}.

### TemplatesEdit

The MediaWiki software used by MetaCollab has support for templates. This means standardized text chunks can be inserted into articles. For example, typing {{stub}} will appear as "This article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it." when the page is saved.

For many examples, see Wikipedia's list of templates or MetaCollab's list.

Insert __NOEDITSECTION__ into the document to suppress the edit links that appear next to every section header.

This page introduces the basics for getting started with editing on Wikia and a walkthrough of the Wikia editor. You may wish to visit the linked pages to learn more in-depth details of editing.

Note: the information below is for the classic Wikia editor. For information on using the new VisualEditor, see Help:VisualEditor.

## Step by step

Anyone can edit a wikia, and generally you don't even need to have an account to edit! (There are some circumstances which can restrict editing.)

• To edit a page, simply click the Edit button which is located by the title of the page.
• The editor will then load, allowing you to make changes to the page - adding or removing text, photos, videos and much more.

### Editor features

• Visual Mode: This mode is generally the default and allows you to make edits that will appear similar to how they will on the published page.
• Source Mode: This mode allows you to edit the page using wikitext.
• You can disable the Visual Mode entirely by visiting the "Editing" tab in your preferences, opening the "Preferred editor" menu, then selecting "Source editor".
• This mode may be preferred for editors who need to edit complex templates frequently.
• Toolbar: The toolbar allows you to format text, making it different sizes and styles. You can expand and condense the toolbar to view more or less tools.
• Feature Modules: The right pane also includes modules that allow you to add features and media such as photos, slideshow, videos and tables. You can access templates to use on the page and add categories. The preview and publish buttons are found at the top of this area.

### Basic editing tips

• Once the editor is opened, you can use the toolbar, features modules and free form edit area to add or adjust to the page content.
• To see how your page will appear once it's published, click on the preview button. This will pop up a window that shows the page as it is currently designed. You can also choose to view how the page will look at the minimum and maximum sizes that other users might see.
• If you like your preview, hit publish and your edits will be pushed live.
• If you don't like your preview, you can keep editing until it appears as you would like it to.
• To let others know what you added, fill in a summary above the publish button.

Finally, don't be afraid if you 'break' anything. All edits to a page are stored in the page history, and if something does go wrong you can simply revert to an older version.

### Notes

Due to some issues with Internet Explorer 11, the editor's visual mode is not currently available when using this browser. It may be re-enabled at a future date.

See here for an explanation of Wikia's editor user preferences.